According to McKinsey, by 2020, about 13 billion connected objects will have access to the Internet. Connected objects, in all sectors, are beginning to create a place for themselves in our daily lives and are upsetting them.
Will Artificial Intelligence soon lead us?
Transport is one of the fastest growing industries, thanks to all the new technologies, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI), etc. Future transport systems will be connected, data driven and highly automated. Cars and trucks are the most affected since we use them every day. Today, many vehicles are equipped with connected systems, such as: GPS, radio, systems that allow the driver to view their mobile phone applications, park alone, etc. The Internet of Things will also bring new features to the automotive sector.
Today, thanks to the progress made in the field of AI, our daily journeys are ready to be disrupted. Several companies such as Uber or Tesla have already started testing cars without drivers. Unfortunately, two incidents occurred during these tests, but the technology will continue to improve. Many experts agree that the risk of accidents on autonomous cars remains lower than when a human being is driving.
Several car manufacturers such as Volkswagen or Ford are investing as much as they can in this new market in order to become the leaders.
AI assistants to help young drivers. While waiting for autonomous cars, artificial intelligence is already helping young drivers to drive better. Today, many newer vehicles are equipped with a driver assistance program. These software packages include sensors to detect obstacles and GPS navigation.
Not only autonomous cars are about to revolutionize transport, but also autonomous trucks, which are also in full development.
Autonomous trucks will be used in several areas, including the transportation and delivery of goods, but also in tasks such as garbage collection. Trucks without drivers will play a very important role in automating work, some experts fear that some jobs will disappear.
TuSimple, a Chinese company that specializes in driverless trucks. The vehicles are equipped with long-distance sensors and Deep Learning Artificial Intelligence capable of detecting and tracking objects using several cameras.
In 2018, the city of London carried out a first test run for its autonomous metro. Metros and autonomous trains have many advantages such as being able to carry more passengers.
In China, in the city of Zhuzhou, in 2017, a new technology allowing trains to run without a physical circuit was developed by the ART (Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit). The aim is for the train to follow a virtual track made up of lines that are painted on the ground. This invention makes it possible to reduce costs and accelerate the development of autonomous rail infrastructure.
The hyperloop designed by Elon Musk is a revolutionary invention that will allow you to travel at more than 1000 km/h. The purpose of hyperloop is to board passengers in pods, then they will float in airless tunnels to avoid friction.
Used by almost the entire population, public transport is environmentally friendly but not always practical. Thanks to new technologies, buses without drivers will start to emerge. The vehicles will be equipped with cameras, GPS and sensors to transport passengers safely.
This winter an autonomous shuttle was tested in France, in Val Thorens. This was the first time this type of vehicle had been tested in a ski resort. The Berto shuttle is equipped with 8 laser sensors, two GPS antennas, and can run between 4 or 5 hours without recharging. She is able to spot an obstacle and make a decision in less than a second.
Mobility is at the heart of debates all over the world, and the transport sector is full of innovation, some of which are more or less futuristic but already shakes up our daily lives in our urban transport.